China has introduced a series of policy initiatives to promote the development of private medical and health institutions, according to a new directive jointly released by ten central government agencies.
The Chinese government will increase support for private medical and health institutions, and push forward efforts to upgrade services and simplify government approvals.
The number of private medical and health institutions reached 459,000, 46% of the country’s total at the end of 2018, according to the National Health Commission (NHC). China has 21,000 private hospitals.
The number and scale of public hospitals will be strictly controlled in accordance with requirements of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) to leave sufficient room for the development of private medical institutions, according to the directive.
When increasing or adjusting medical and health resources, local authorities should first consider medical and health institutions run with funding from non-government sectors.
Government purchases of services from private medical and health institutions should be supported, in accordance with the principle of fair competition and merit selection, in a bid to provide community residents with family doctor services, among other public health services.